Diet for diabetes
Diet for diabetes.
Diabetes – one of the most common diseases of the endocrine system of our body. In diabetes due to lack of pancreatic hormone insulin is developing violation of all types of metabolism, especially carbohydrate.
The cause of diabetes is not only a genetic predisposition, but also a systematic over-eating and uncontrolled eating foods that contain digestible carbohydrates. In patients with diabetes, carbohydrates absorbed from the digestive tract are not digested completely, and accumulate in the blood. The main goal of treatment for patients with diabetes – the normalization of metabolic processes in the body, which is achieved by limiting in the daily diet of carbohydrates, while more complex forms prescribe special drugs that regulate blood sugar.
Basic rules of diet in diabetes mellitus: restricting carbohydrates, easily digestible in the first place, reducing caloric intake, especially if overweight, drinking sufficient amounts of vitamins, compliance with the strict diet – all at the same time, five or six times a day without eating. The restrictions apply not so much quantity as quality carbohydrates, because not all products containing hydrocarbons equally quickly raise blood sugar, some do it slowly – that they can be consumed.
Carbohydrates come in simple and complex. Simple, or digestible, are rapidly absorbed after meals and just as quickly raise blood sugar levels. Complex carbohydrates (also referred to as polysaccharides), on the contrary, are absorbed slowly, and some of them are not absorbed at all and are excreted in its original form. Vegetables and fruits, for example, contain in their composition not only easily digested glucose, and cellulose, which is not fully digested and prevents absorption of glucose. You can eat wholemeal bread, porridge made of buckwheat, oats, barley, millet, corn grits. But rice and grits are best avoided.
Very harmful to diabetes sugar-products produced by humans: sweets, including candy, ice cream, cakes, jams, fruit compotes, sweet wines, carbonated soft drinks, etc. If you use these products blood sugar rises sharply and may cause deterioration of the patient (who hyperglycemic).
The most correct feeding rhythm, both for healthy and for people with diabetes – six one-off meal, which includes breakfast, lunch and dinner, as well as three small snacks. This decreases the amount of food at each meal, and, consequently, the load on the pancreas to produce insulin. In addition, frequent intake of food reduces the risk of a sharp decrease in blood sugar (hypoglycemia), which is also dangerous and can cause coma. Six one-time principle of supply of people with diabetes also includes a gradual increase in revenues starchy foods for lunch and reduced glucose load in the afternoon.
In any case, the diet should be the time of reception or the introduction of sugar-reducing drugs.